Daily Current Affairs: April: 07, 2018
Dear readers, This post contains important current affairs. It includes all Major National, International, Business and Sports related current affairs. A brief explanation of every current affair is provided to further enhance your general knowledge.
Commonwealth Games 2018: Sathish Sivalingam claims India’s third Gold medal in Weightlifting
India has added another Gold to its medal tally in the ongoing 21st Commonwealth Games as weightlifter Sathish Sivalingam won the coveted Gold medal by winning the men’s 77kg weightlifting event at the 21st Commonwealth Games.
While, the first Gold was won by World champion weightlifter Mirabai Chanu on April 5, 2018 in the 48 kg category with a total lift of 196 kg (86 kg + 110 kg)with her power-packed performance and Weightlifter Khumukcham Sanjita Chanu clinched second Gold Medal for India by winning in the 53 kg Women weightlifting category.
The 21st Commonwealth games began on April 4, 2018 at Gold coast in Australia. This year, the Games will mark the 5th time that Australia has hosted the games.
NIRF India Rankings 2018 released: IISc Bengaluru adjudged best institution in India
Union Minister of Human Resource Development, Prakash Javadekar on April 3, 2018 released the NIRF India Rankings 2018 in various categories on the basis of performance of higher educational institutions.
The Indian Institute of Sciences, Bengaluru topped the list of Overall Rankings followed by IIT Madras at 2nd position, IIT Bombay at 3rd, IIT Delhi at 4th and IIT Kharagpur at fifth position. IISC Bangaluru also topped the University rankings, followed by Jawaharlal Nehru University and Benares Hindu University at second and third position, respectively.
NASA’s Hubble Telescope captures the most distant star ever seen
The Hubble Space Telescope of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has discovered the most distant star ever seen named ‘Icarus’. This huge blue star is located over halfway across the universe. It took nine billion years for the Icarus’ light to reach the Earth.
The team including Jose Diego of the Instituto de Fisica de Cantabria in Spain, and Steven Rodney of the University of South Carolina in the US named the star as ‘Icarus’ after the Greek mythological character who flew too near the Sun on wings of feathers and wax that melted.
RBI releases First Bi-monthly Monetary Policy Statement 2018-19
The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) on April 5, 2018 released its First Bi-monthly Monetary Policy Statement 2018-19.
After assessing the current and evolving macroeconomic situation in the economy, the six member Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) decided to keep the Repo Rate under the Liquidity Adjustment Facility (LAF) unchanged at 6.0 percent.
Consequently, the Reverse Repo Rate under the LAF remains unchanged at 5.75 percent and the Marginal Standing Facility (MSF) Rate and the Bank Rate at 6.25 percent.
Sri Lankan PM Ranil Wickremesinghe defeats no-confidence motion in Parliament
Sri Lanka’s Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe on April 4, 2018 comfortably defeated the no-confidence motion moved by the joint opposition against him, securing the majority support in the 225-member Parliament.
The no-confidence motion was moved by former President Mahinda Rajapaksa’s Joint Opposition accusing Wickremesinghe of financial mismanagement and failing to tackle the outbreak of violence against the minority Muslim community in the nation’s central district, Kandy.
The 68-year-old Wickremesinghe, leader of United National Party (UNP), currently leads a coalition government in the centre in alliance with President Maithripala Sirisena’s Sri Lanka Freedom Party (SLFP).
Union Cabinet approves Protection of Human Rights (Amendments) Bill, 2018
The Union Cabinet on April 4, 2018 approved the Protection of Human Rights (Amendments) Bill, 2018, aimed at protection and promotion of human rights in India.
It proposes to include the ‘National Commission for Protection of Child Rights’ as deemed Member of the National Human Rights Commission.
The Bill aims to strengthen the human rights institutions of India for effective discharge of their mandates, roles and responsibilities.
Donald Trump declares DACA program dead
The President of United States, Donald Trump on April 2, 2018 declared dead the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program that protected immigrants brought to the nation illegally as children.
Earlier in September 2017, President Trump had said that he would terminate the DACA program, which was introduced by his predecessor Barack Obama. Trump however, gave the Congress time until March 6 to replace the program.
Although Congress failed to meet the deadline, the courts ruled that the program can stay in place for now.
SC rejects stay on its earlier verdict on SC/ST Act
The Supreme Court of India on April 3, 2018 refused to order a stay on its earlier verdict on SC/ST Act, in which it had ruled that there shall be no immediate arrest on any complaint filed under the law.
The apex court ruled that it is not against the Act, but only concerned that innocents should not be punished unnecessarily due to the misuse of the law.
While hearing the Centre’s review petition, the Court stated there should not be any politics on the issue and asked all the parties to submit detailed replies within two days. “We know how to protect the rights of the citizens and have not touched the probe or punishment sections of the Act. So why does the government want people arrested without verification,” the apex court asked.
Delhi becomes first city to roll-out BS-VI fuel
In order to combat the rising levels of air pollution, the Delhi-NCR region on April 1, 2018 began supplying ultra-clean Bharat Stage VI grade fuel, both petrol and diesel.
With this, Delhi became the first city in the country to switch from BS-IV grade fuels to BS-VI. BS-VI fuel is equivalent to fuel meeting Euro-VI emission norms.
Other cities like Noida, Ghaziabad, Gurugram, Faridabad, Mumbai, Chennai, Bengaluru, Hyderabad and Pune will also switch over to cleaner BS-VI grade fuel from January 1, 2019.
India replaces Vietnam to become world’s second largest mobile phone producer
India has replaced Vietnam to become the second-largest producer of mobile phones in the world, only after China.
As per the data shared by the Indian Cellular Association (ICA) with Union Telecom Minister Manoj Sinha and IT Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad, the annual production of mobile phones in India increased from 3 million units in 2014 to 11 million units in 2017.
With the rise in mobile phone production, imports of the devices in the country also reduced to less than half in 2017-18.