Independence Day 2019: History of the National Flag of India
Independence Day 2019: Every Independent country has its own national flag. India’s national flag was designed by Pingali Venkayya and it was first hoisted in 1923. It was adopted on July 22, 1947, in its present form during the meeting of Constituent Assembly. In our country, the term “tricolour” refers to the Indian national flag.
Structure of Indian National Flag
• Tricolour has horizontal deep saffron (Kesari) colour at the top, white in the middle and dark green at the bottom in equal proportion.
• According to the official norms width of the flag to its length is two to three. The white band and a navy blue wheel represent the Ashok chakra.
• Design of the wheel on the flag represents the abacus of the Sarnath Lion Capital of Ashoka. It has 24 spokes and its diameter approximates to the width of the white band.
History of the Tricolour
• According to the information available on the government website, the first national flag in India was hoisted on August 7, 1906, in the Parsee Bagan Square (Green Park) in Calcutta now Kolkata. Three horizontal strips of red, yellow and green were present in this flag.
• After that, India adopted another design of the flag and the second flag was hoisted in Paris by Madame Cama and her band of exiled revolutionaries in 1907.
• The third flag was hoisted by Dr. Annie Besant and Lokmanya Tilak hoisted in 1917 during the Home rule movement. This flag had five red and four green horizontal strips arranged alternately, with seven stars in the saptarishi configuration super-imposed on them. A Union Jack was made in the left-hand top corner. A white crescent and star in one corner were also present on the flag.
• The fourth National flag was prepared by an Andhra youth in 1921 and took it to Gandhiji. This flag was made up of two colours-red and green which was representing the two major communities i.e. Hindus and Muslims. Gandhiji wanted to add a white strip to represent the remaining communities of India and the spinning wheel to symbolise progress of the Nation.
• It was an important year in the context of the national flag as a resolution was passed to adopt a tricolour flag as our national flag. The flag had saffron, white and green strips with Mahatma Gandhi’s spinning wheel at the centre.
• Our present flag was adopted on July 22, 1947 by the Constituent Assembly as a Free India National Flag. The colours and their significance remained the same as the previous one. In this flag dharma charkha of Emperor Asoka was replaced with the spinning wheel as the emblem on the flag.